The archipelago of Chiloé can be found in southern Chile. It is made up of the Isla Grande de Chiloé together with countless smaller islands and minor islets. The archipelago has a surface area of 9,181 km². The archipelago of Chiloé was formed by the sinking of the Chilean coastal range, only the peaks of which rise up above the surface of the ocean. The main Island of Chiloé has a rectangular shape, with protuberances at the Lacuy peninsula, the Rilán peninsula and indents formed by the Bay of Cucao and the Dalcahue channel. The western coast is exposed to the Pacific Ocean and is steep and with no natural ports.
Flora and Fauna of Chiloé
The main Island of Chiloé has a varied ecosystem totally isolated from the continent. Among the flora, the Valdivian Laurel-leaved Forest (Tepa) predominates along with evergreen forest (Coigue), and Valdivian temperate rain forest, with species such as alerce, coigüe, mountain cypress and arrayán. Wildlife species include the huemul, pudú, Darwin’s fox, monito del monte (a small endemic marsupial), the comadreja trompuda (long-nosed shrew opossum), the nutria or southern river otter, the Kodkod also known as the Guiña, the smallest cat of the Americas, chungungo or sea otter, toninas (small dolphins), and sea lions, among others.